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1880’s Full back McKernan spent most of the 1880’s with Bolton Wanderers, playing as late as 1887 in an FA Cup tie against Everton. However, when Bolton joined The Football League in 1888, he was no longer in the first team if indeed at the club at all.


1880 (16 Feb) A telephone connection was established between Bolton and Manchester


1880 (Mar) The Operative Cotton Spinners Provincial Association of Bolton and Surrounding Districts was founded following a merger between the two main cotton spinning unions in the Bolton area, the Bolton Self-actor Minder and Hand Mule Spinners’ Association and the Hand Mule Spinners’ Association.


1880 (21 Apr) William Makant, (1806-1880) master bleacher and Mayor of Bolton 1857-1859, died at Gilnow Lodge, Bolton

He was interred in the family grave at Christ Church, Walmsley.


1880 (17 May) Henry Ashworth (born 1794), cotton master, died

In his final years he wintered in Italy, and it was while returning from Rome that he died, of Roman fever, at Florence.

He is buried in the protestant cemetery there.


1880 (Jun) Reuben Ward Binks, painter, born in Halliwell

The Countess of Howe commissioned him to paint an entire series of her sporting dogs

He died in 1950.


1880 (22 Aug) St Joseph’s School: The school opened on 22nd August 1880 in the new school and chapel, this was the day after the chapel opened. This new school faced many problems.                             The Education Board said it did not qualify for grants. For two years the school was maintained by Fr Brewer, his parishioners and some loyal teachers. Parents who could afford to were asked to make a contribution towards costs and these nearly paid the teachers’ salaries! Much fund raising had to be organised to help pay for the school as well as other building costs. (>1886)


1880 (1 Sep) Municipal transport began with horse drawn trams


1880 (10 Sep) Pike's Lane opened in 1880, with the first match played against Great Lever on 10 September. The ground initially had embankments on both sides of the pitch, and later developments included a grandstand on the northern touchline and wooden terracing behind the eastern goal.  


1880 (15 Nov) Sir Edward Cecil George Cadogan, KBE CB, British Conservative politician, born the younger son of the 5th Earl of Cadogan and his wife Beatrix, a daughter of the 2nd Earl of Craven

MP for Bolton 1940-1945

Died 13 Sep 1962


1880 (21 Nov) Sir William Edge, 1st Baronet, British Liberal, later National Liberal politician and businessman, born, the son of Sir Knowles Edge, head of William Edge & Son Ltd colour manufacturers

Educated at Bolton Grammar School

Died 18 Dec 1948


1880 (30 Dec) Thomas Barlow (born 1845) married Ada Helen (1843–1928), daughter of Patrick Dalmahoy, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh.                                                                               She was a former ward sister at the Great Ormond Street Hospital; they had three sons and two daughters, the younger of whom died in infancy. His surviving daughter, Helen (1887–1975), who never married                                                                                  The eldest son was Sir (James) Alan Noel Barlow (1881–1968); the second was Sir Thomas Dalmahoy Barlow (1883–1964); and the third, Patrick Basil (1884–1917), died on the western front during the First World War.


1880 St Joseph’s School: In 1880 the parish priest, Fr Brewer, secured a plot of land on which to build a school and chapel. That building is now the lower hall behind the present St Joseph’s church.


1880 There were ten working pits listed for Little Lever: Bally, Harpurfold, Middle Bents and Stopes, owned by Thomas Fletcher and Sons, Ladyshore, Owl Hole and Victoria owned by John Fletcher and Dingle, Farnworth Bridge and New Rivin, owned by Andrew Knowles and Sons.                                                                      


1880 Egyptian Mill on Higher Bridgeman St was acquired by John Knowles & Sons


1880 Tram lines laid (for horse drawn trams).

1880 Municipal transport started with horse drawn trams.


1880 First horse trams run in Bolton by Edmund Holden and Company.


1880 The Portland was situated on Portland Street, near its junction with Wynne Street and Burke Street, just off Halliwell Road and was opened in 1880 to satisfy the needs of the newly-built rows of terraces between the main road and Eskrick Street.


1880 Thomas Lever Rushton (1810-1883) stood unsuccessfully as MP for Bolton in 1880.

1880 Haslam Hall, formerly the home of cotton magnate John P Haslam, was designed in 1880 by George Woodhouse.


1880-1881 All Soul’s Church, in Astley Street is a brick masterpiece by Paley and Austin dating from 1880-1881, which in its early years enjoyed the benefactions of Thomas Greenhalgh, the “founder” of the parish


1880-1886 Watermillock, near Bolton

A fine Gothic Revival house designed by Jonas James Bradshaw (1837-1912)


1880-1886 Watermillock. Gentleman's country house, now public house and restaurant. 1880-6. Designed by JJ Bradshaw and John Gass of Bolton and
Manchester for Herbert and Thomas Thwaites (successive heads of Eden and Thwaites, bleachers); decoration and furnishings by Messrs. Goodall and Co. of Manchester. Yorkshire coursed rubble and York stone dressings; Welsh slate roof.


1880- 1894 The first secretary of the Operative Cotton Spinners Provincial Association of Bolton and Surrounding Districts was John Fielding.

The Association’s local influence is indicated by the erection of a statue in Bolton of John Fielding. A very rare recognition for a trade unionist at the time


1880-1895 Pike's Lane was a football ground in Bolton, England. It was the home ground of Bolton Wanderers between 1880 and 1895, and the venue of the first-ever goal scored in league football anywhere in the world.

1881 (7 Feb) John W Whittaker, architect of Bromley Cross, killed crossing railway line.


1881 (21 Mar) Edmund Ashworth (born 1800) cotton manufacturer and free trade activist, died at the Prince of Wales Hotel, Southport.

He was buried at Walmsley church, Egerton, near Bolton.

1881 (30 Apr) Farnworth sewage works opened for business.

1881 (3  Jun) Trams ran the full length of the system: Town Hall Square Bolton to Farnworth & Kearsley.


1881 (5 Jun) On 5 June 1881 Ormrod and Hardcastle spinning firm suffered another fire and this resulted in £10,000 worth of damage to Bullfield Mill and they were forced to demolish 50% of the building


1881 (17 Sep) Cordelia Jane Ormrod buried at St Peter, Halliwell, Bolton, Lancashire


1881 (20 Oct) Joseph M. Bromilow Jr., American athlete, born in Westhoughton, Lancashire, England

He competed in the 1908 and 1912 Summer Olympic Games

Died 12 Jan 1972.


1881 (Oct) In October 1881 Eagley were Bolton Wanderers first ever opponents in the F.A. Cup. The sides played out a 5-5 draw in the first round of the competition, with Bolton going through in a 1-0 replay.


1881 (19 Nov) FA Cup  Round 2  Bolton Wanderers lost 2-6 away to Blackburn Rovers. [ Atherton, Struthers]


1881(25 Dec) Sir (James) Alan Noel Barlow, second baronet, civil servant, was born in London, the eldest of the five children of Sir Thomas Barlow (1845–1945), who was created baronet in 1901, physician to the royal family, and his wife, Ada Helen (1843–1928), daughter of Patrick Dalmahoy, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh.                       Died 28 Feb 1968.


1881 (31 Dec) Richard “Dick” Gorton Barlow (born 1851) made his test debut – England’s 29th cap- v Australia.


1881 Joseph William Foster (1881 – 1933), a cobbler and keen amateur runner, born.


1881 All Soul’s Church, Astley Street, Bolton established

Closed 1987

1881 Eagley Mills is a complex of former cotton mills in Eagley, Bolton, England. No 2 Twist Mill (now called Valley Mill) was built nearby in 1881.


1881 Bolton Wanderers signed James McKernan from Hibernian and to get around the amateur/professional ruling they installed him as publican of the Britannia Inn in Derby St; for some considerable time, the Britannia was the headquarters of the Wanderers after they left Christ Church, Pikes Lane.


1881 Having spent the formative years of their existence playing on a variety of locations in the Bolton area, Bolton Wanderers moved to Pikes Lane in 1881.                                                                               Spending £150 on pitch improvements upon their arrival, season tickets cost a guinea and the Whites proceeded to play at this venue for 14 years until the tenancy expired.


1881 Horwich had a population of 3,761 with around 900 houses


1881 British Census


1881 Samuel Chatwood, bankers engineer, Managing Director of Chatwood’s Safe Co Ltd. Employed: 123 male; 26 boys

He and his family lived at 14 Wentworth Street, Little Bolton, Lancashire


1881 Thomas Henry Rushton (1845-1903) had his residence at Halliwell Hall, Bolton. He was then aged 35 and described as a machine maker employing 1400 men and 250 boys. His wife, Emily Jane (nee Ormrod), was aged 31, and their children James Lever aged 8, Lucy May aged 6 and Violet Mary aged 1. There was a governess and six domestic servants.

1881 In 1881 John Pennington Thomasson (1841 – 1904) financed the building of the Haulgh Board School, gave £1,000 towards the founding of the Chadwick Museum, and built the Folds Road gymnasium.                                                                                In all it is calculated that he gave over £30,000 to the cause of education in the borough.


1881 Horwich's population was 3,761 with around 900 houses, this had remained stable during the previous fifty years.


1881-1882 Bolton Wanderers entered the FA Cup for the first time.  They lost 6-2 to Blackburn Rovers in the second round of the competition.

1882 (6 Apr) Man killed and another injured when arch of Orlando Street Railway Bridge fell.


1882 (21 Sep) John James Bentley (born 1860) married Betsy (1862/3–1917), daughter of Richard Entwistle, a builder from Blackpool.                                                                              Their relationship was not broken until her death thirty-five years later. They had three daughters and a son, Harry, who died at the age of two in December 1892.

1882 (21 Oct) Mr Thomas Thwaites, of Bank House, Sharples, head of the firm of Eden and Thwaites, bleachers, died at the age of 49. 

1882 Richard “Dick” Gorton Barlow (born 1851) took part in the original Ashes match and is commemorated by the poem pasted on the side of the urn:

When Ivo goes back with the urn, the urn;

Studds, Steel, Read and Tylecote return, return;

The welkin will ring loud,

The great crowd will feel proud,

Seeing Barlow and Bates with the urn, the urn;

And the rest coming home with the urn.


1882 The Egypt Exploration Society, was founded as the Egypt Exploration Fund in order to explore, survey and excavate at ancient sites in Egypt and Sudan, and to publish the results of this work.


1882 A theatre, known as the Colossal Temple, burned down in 1882.


1882 Thomas Hampson (1839 – 1918) published History of Blackrod in 1882.


1882 John James Bentley (born 1860) set up in business on his own in the emerging profession of accountancy.


1882 Walter Marsden MC (1882–1969), English sculptor born the son of a blacksmith in Church near Accrington in Lancashire, England.     He saw active service in the First World War and was awarded the Military Cross. After the war, like many other sculptors who were also ex-servicemen, he carried out sculptural work on war memorials. Most of these were erected in Lancashire.                                               Died Aug 1969


1882 Nearing Camp, Evening on the Upper Colorado River, Wyoming, 1882 - Thomas Moran (1837-1926) Oil on canvas


1882-1883 Bolton Wanderers beat Liverpool Ramblers 3-0 FA Cup but lost in the next round to the Druids.


1883 (29 Jan) FA Round 3 second replay Druids beat Bolton Wanderers 1-0 at Wrexham.


1883 (8 Feb) Thomas Lever Rushton - Mayor of Bolton: 1848-50 (Conservative), died at the Hôtel du Pavillon, Cannes, France 8 February 1883


1883 (23 Feb) Sir Thomas [Tommy] Dalmahoy Barlow, industrialist and banker, was born in London, the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Sir Thomas Barlow (1845–1945), physician-extraordinary to Queen Victoria and kings Edward VII and George V, and his wife, Ada Helen (1843–1928), daughter of Patrick Dalmahoy, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh.                         Died 1964.


1883 (20 Mar) George Curtis Locke Wallach (1883 – 1980), Scottish long-distance runner, born in Scotland to Hermann Louis Waldemar Wallach, a German tinsmith, and Janet Wallach, a native Scot.                                                                                       He competed in the 10,000 m at the 1912 Summer Olympics, but failed to reach the final.                                                                Died 2 Apr 1980.

1883 (19 Jun) Rev Joseph Farrall Wright, vicar of Christchurch Bolton-Le-Moors and founder of Bolton Wanderers Football Club, died aged 56                                                                        Grave at Christchurch.

1883 (Jun) In June 1883, Alfred Southern petitioned for bankruptcy at the Bolton County Court with debts estimated at £1300 – a huge sum in those days.

1883 (18 Jul) Peter Kelly (c.1819-1883), aged 64, who had been diagnosed with serious mental condition, fatally injured his brother Patrick with an axe in Antelope Court, Bolton. Peter then hurled himself from a second-floor window and died later in hospital.         Patrick died in hospital in the following week.


1883 (24 Jul) Sunday -Dedication and opening service of Edgworth Methodist Church


1883 (21 Aug) Bolton New Infirmary opened on Chorley Road

It closed in 1998


1883 (25 Aug) Bolton Borough Fever Hospital opened on Hulton Lane


1883 (3 Sep) George Woodhouse (1829 – 1883), English architect who practiced from offices in Bolton, and Oldham, then in the county of Lancashire, died in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.                                        He was interred in the graveyard of St Peter's Church, Halliwell.


1883 (2 Oct) Disasters at the Shakerley pits included the death of six men when the cage rope broke at the Nelson Pit on 2 October 1883


1883 In 1883 illness had forced George Woodhouse (1829-1883) of Bolton to cease active work and put control of the business in the hands of Trustees. Morley was employed on a temporary basis to manage his Bolton office while continuing to maintain his own practice in Bradford until such time as Woodhouse recovered. However, the illness was to prove fatal and Woodhouse died at Uttoxeter a few weeks later. Seemingly Morley continued to manage the practice on behalf of the Trustees until the inheritance was resolved. Claims that William James Morley had entered into partnership with George Woodhouse in these few weeks before his death in 1883 appear extremely doubtful.           At the time of his father's death George Herbert Woodhouse was barely out of his teens and it was not until 1884 or 1885 that the Trustees gave him control of the practice. Almost immediately he entered into partnership with W J Morley a partnership that was unusual if not unique in that it operated under two styles - Woodhouse and Morley in Bolton and Morley and Woodhouse in Bradford. The partnership was dissolved about 1892 at which time Morley opened a branch office on Mawdsley Street, Bolton while George Herbert Woodhouse continued to practice from his father's old offices in St George's Road in partnership with Edward Potts.


1883 The first of Andrew Carnegie’s public libraries opened in his hometown Dunfermline, Scotland


1883 Thomas Hampson (1839 – 1918) published Horwich: Its History, Legends, and Church in 1883.


1883 The Chadwick Museum opened


1883 Bolton Royal Infirmary opened


1883 James Kenyon "Kenny" Davenport (1862 – 1908) joined Bolton Wanderers from local side Gilnow Rangers in 1883.


1883 Druids players Jack Powell and Jackie Vaughan, both moved to Bolton in 1883.


1883 Women’s Co-operative Guild was formed


1883 Following the death of William Marwood in 1883, a vacancy arose for the post of Executioner for the City of London and Middlesex. Of the more than 100 applicants, James Billington (born 1847) was one of three short-listed to be interviewed, but the job was offered to Bartholomew Binns. Undaunted, Billington wrote to other English prison authorities offering his services as a hangman, an offer that was eventually taken up by the authorities in Yorkshire.


1883 Bolton Council employed William Waller Midgley as the first curator of the Chadwick Museum


1883-1884 Bolton started the FA competition with an 8-1 victory over Irwell Springs. They were drawn against the powerful Notts County in the 4th round. The game ended in a 2-2 draw but Bolton lost the replay 2-1.


1884 (2 Feb) FA  Round 4 replay  Bolton Wanderers lost 1-2  at home to Notts County [ Vaughan]


1884 (Spring) The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) started to construct a new large complex for building and maintaining locomotives in Horwich replacing the company’s works at Miles Platting


1884 (Apr) Horwich works was built on 142 hectares of land bought in April 1884 for £36,000.


1884 (Apr) In April 1884, Robert Roberts moved to Lancashire to join Bolton Wanderers in the Football League, where he was re-united with several former Druids players, including Jack Powell and Jackie Vaughan, both of whom had moved to Bolton the previous year.


1884 (12 Jun) Chadwick Museum in Queen’s Park opened by Councillor B. A. Dobson


1884 (26 Aug) James Billington’s first execution was at Armley Gaol in Leeds, when he hanged Joseph Laycock, a Sheffield hawker for the murder of his wife and 4 children. Laycock was to have said just before being hanged “You will not hurt me?” to which James Billington replied “No thaal nivver feel it, for thaal be out of existence i’ two minutes”

James went on to complete a further 150 executions (>3 Dec 1901)


1884 (16 Oct) Astley Bridge Cemetery Eden Street, Astley Bridge, Bolton, BL1 6NU. (First Interment: 16th October 1884)


1884 (Dec) When signing for Bolton in December 1884, James Brogan became one of the first professional footballers to play for Bolton Wanderers.


1884 The first Yates Wine Lodge opened in Oldham in 1884


1884 The first Yates's Wine Lodge was set up by Peter Yates in the Angel pub on Oldham High Street in 1884 and within twenty years there were nearly 20 lodges around Lancashire.


1884 Yates is a British pub chain, founded as Yates Wine Lodge in Oldham, Manchester by Peter and Simon Yates in 1884. The chain remained strongest in the North of England, though spreading nationwide.

It is Britain's oldest pub chain. Its motto was moderation is true temperance. Peter Yates (1854–1944), the founder, came from Preston. He was sent to Spain to learn about wine, and his brother went to the US to learn about business methods.


1884 Hardwicke Rawnsley and his wife began classes for metalwork and woodcarving, which resulted in their forming the School of Industrial Art in Keswick, which lasted until 1986                                               

1884 In 1884, the Ormrod and Hardcastle wisely decided to invest in The Royal George Mill and Pin Mill and improved their fire proof standards.


1884 Herbert Cross added to the land he owned in Bolton the large Hertfordshire estate of Hamel’s Park Buntingford


1884 John James Bentley (born 1860) began writing regularly for the Bolton Cricket and Football Field


1884 At Trent Bridge, for the North of England against the Australians, Richard “Dick” Gorton Barlow (born 1851) played the game of his life. He scored not out 10 and 101 and took ten wickets—four for six runs and six for 42. It is on record that when the North started their second innings on a slow and nasty wicket, Fred Spofforth, Australia's Demon bowler said, "Give me the ball: they won't get more than 60". As events turned out they got 255, Barlow and Flowers putting on 158 runs together after five wickets had fallen for 53. At the end of that afternoon Barlow was a very happy man


1884 Marks and Spencer was founded in 1884 by Thomas Spencer in Leeds.

"Don't ask the price, it’s a penny" was the slogan Michael Marks used when he opened his first bazaar in Leeds in 1884. It could not have been any simpler and both his idea and hard work soon paid off.


1885 (Feb) John J. Bentley (born 1860) was appointed secretary of Bolton Wanderers.

Bentley was an advocate of professionalism and he began recruiting talented players and paying them a match fee.


1885 (18 Mar) Sir Thomas Bazley first baronet, (born 1797) cotton spinner and politician, died at his summer residence, Riversleigh, Lytham, in Lancashire.                                                                He was buried on 23 March next to his father in St John's Church, Deansgate, Manchester.


1885 (18 Mar) Sir Thomas Bazley, 1st Baronet DL (1797 – 1885), British industrialist and Liberal politician, died.


1885 (24 May) Susan Isaacs, the child of William and Miriam Fairhurst, was born on 24th May 1885 at 23 Bradshaw Brow which is commemorated by a plaque. William Fairhurst was on the editorial staff of Tittotsons Newspaper.


1885 (May) Thomas Mann joined the Social Democratic Federation.


1885 (18 Jun) An accident caused by a candle igniting gas at Clifton Hall Pit.

178 miners lost their lives


1885 (20 Jul) The Football Association announced that it was "in the interests of Association Football, to legalise the employment of professional football players, but only under certain restrictions". Clubs were allowed to pay players provided that they had either been born or had lived for two years within a six-mile radius of the ground.


1885 (Aug) William Lever took over the soap works of Windser and Co, in Warrington.


1885 (10 Sep) Albert Shepherd, English professional footballer, born in Great Lever, Bolton, Lancashire

Centre forward played for many teams including St. Mark’s, Bolton Temperance, St Luke’s, Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers 1904-1908, Newcastle 1908-1914 and England

Scored 90 goals in 123 games for Bolton

Died 8 Nov 1929 Bolton


c.1885 James Lomax (1857-1934)  was initially encouraged by W.C. Williamson of Owens College, for whom he began to prepare fossil plant thin sections around 1885.


1885 The Eagle Street College was an informal literary society established in 1885 at the home of James William Wallace in Eagle Street, Bolton, to read and discuss literary works, particularly the poetry of Walt Whitman, (1819–91). The group subsequently became known as the Bolton Whitman Fellowship or Whitmanites. Its founder members were Wallace, Dr John Johnston and Fred Wild. The group held an annual 'Whitman Day' celebration around the 31 May which was the poet's birthday.

Wallace and Johnston corresponded with Whitman and Johnston visited Whitman at his home in Camden, New Jersey. Wallace visited Whitman in 1891. Wallace moved to Adlington in the early 1890s and invited Charles Sixsmith to join the group which continued until the death of Wallace in 1926 and in a more modest form after that. After Wallace moved to Adlington in the early 1890s the group continued to meet in each other's homes. Sixsmith was involved in the annual Whitman celebrations until the late 1930s. A plaque marking one of these celebrations can be found in the grounds of Rivington Unitarian Chapel.


1885 'Eagle Street College' was born in 1885, when Wallace, with his two close friends, Dr John Johnston and Fred Wild, began to hold regular meetings at Wallace's home to read and discuss literary works; Ruskin, Burns, Carlyle, Tennyson, Emerson, and, above all, Walt Whitman, were standard fare. Johnston was a GP based in Bolton, although originally from Annan in Dumfriesshire. Wild was a cotton waste merchant who shared the literary interests of the others as well as being an active socialist. Other members of the group (which subsequently became known as the Bolton Whitman Fellowship) came and went over the years, although there was a remarkable continuity; members often formed lifelong attachments, based on the doctrines they found in Whitman's ideas on 'comradely love'. Not all the members were such avid Whitmanites as Wallace, Wild and Johnston, but the majority of them shared certain political ideals and a number were active in the early socialist movement.


1885 John Holden (born 1862) married Emma Cawkswell, at St Paul’s Church, Astley Bridge, and subsequently they had eight children


1885 The Magee family took over Daniel Marshall’s brewery in Brown Street, Bolton.


1885 The Stewart Street brewery of John Halliwell & Son, built in 1885


1885 The Redistribution of Seats Act

The constituency of Westhoughton created

The Radcliffe-cum-Farnworth constituency was established with one Member of Parliament


1885 In the parish of Farnworth, Richard Knill Freeman built St Peters church.

Declared redundant in Dec 2007


1885 Frank Hardcastle (1844-1908) was the first Member of Parliament for Westhoughton


1885 176 were killed in the Clifton Hall Colliery explosion


1885 The informal group  Eagle Street College was established at the home of James William Wallace in Eagle Street, Bolton, to read and discuss the poetry of Walt Whitman.                                                 The group subsequently became known as the Bolton Whitman Fellowship or Whitmanites. Its members held an annual 'Whitman Day' celebration around the poet's birthday.


1885 Herbert Cross’s second wife Lucy was influential in establishing the Bolton Habitation of the Primrose League


1885-1892 Although Walter Whitman (born 1819) never visited Britain he developed close ties with Bolton. Two men living here, an architectural draughtsman J. W. Wallace, and a Scottish doctor John Johnston corresponded with Whitman from 1885 until his death in 1892.                                                                                         The pair also visited Walt Whitman in America, Johnston in 1890 and Wallace in 1891. Johnston subsequently published the diaries he kept of his American experiences under the title of Visits to Walt Whitman in 1890-1891.


1885-1892 Frank Hardcastle (1844 -1908) - MP for Westhoughton 1885-1892.         


1885 - 1895 Francis Charles Bridgeman – MP for Bolton


1885 – 1906 Herbert Shepherd-Cross – MP for Bolton (Conservative)


1886 (12 Mar) St Joseph’s School: The foundation stone was laid on 12th March 1886.


1886 (24 Jul) St Joseph’s School: The new school was opened on 24th July 1886 with a ‘Grand Tea Party.’                                                  Over the following years many improvements were made to the school, these included: a new entrance, a new drainage and sewerage system (!), new wall and perimeter railings.

1886 (9 Aug) Bolton-born serial killer Mary Ann Britland (née Hague), (1847 – 1886) became the first woman to be executed by hanging at Strangeways Prison in Manchester by James Berry.                            A resident of Ashton under Lyne, she had murdered by poisoning her eldest daughter, her husband and the wife of her lover.


1886 (13 Aug) The Bedford Colliery Disaster occurred on Friday 13 August 1886, when an explosion of firedamp killed 38 men and boys. There is a memorial in Leigh Cemetery


1886 St Joseph’s School: By 1886 the school and chapel were not big enough. It was decided to build a new school


1886 Horwich railway works was built by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (LYR) in Horwich, near Bolton, in the North West of England when the company moved from its original works at Miles Platting, Manchester.


1886 Henry Albert Hoy was made works manager at the L&YR's new works at Horwich.


1886 John James Bentley (born 1860) became assistant editor of the Athletic News. He helped to transform the Athletic News from a two penny weekly with a circulation of about 10,000 in 1886 to a penny paper with a circulation of nearly 200,000 by 1900 and a readership of many more.


1886 Silverwell Street Drill Hall built, attached to front of Silverwell House.

1886 St Mary's RC Church, built in 1886, is one of the Horwich's oldest churches.


Accident at Bolton Trinity Street on 4th January 1887

Train Operator: Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway

Primary Cause: Fog

Rear collision, derailment

0 fatalities, 5 injured


1887 (13 Jan) Blackrod Cemetery, Manchester Road, Blackrod, Bolton, BL6 5LS.  (First Interment: 13th January 1887)


1887 (Feb) Rivington House, the first of several workshops was 106.7m long by 16.8m wide and opened at the Horwich railway works in February 1887.


1887 (20 Mar) John Kynaston Cross, died in Heaton, Bolton

He suffered from diabetes – which was at that time untreatable – and became increasingly depressed, eventually committing suicide by hanging himself from a wardrobe with fishing thread

Bolton MP 1874-1885


1887 (30 Apr) Kapitänleutnant Kurt Frankenburg was born at Marburg.

He had joined the Navy on 3rd April 1907 and  at the age of 29, was the commander of the remaining Zeppelin, L21. He had already brought the ship to England three times earlier in the year.

Died 28 Nov 1916



1887 (4 May) Herbert Fletcher was summoned to Bolton Police Court to answer charges of  “a breach of safety” under the Coal Mines Regulation Act 1872


1887 (16 May) Herbert Fletcher was found guilty of endangering his workers and fined at the Bolton Court                                                                                            


1887 (1 Jun) Mr Isaac Holt killed by machinery


1887 (1 Jun) Charles Allen Clarke (born 1863) married, Lavinia (1859/1860–1889), daughter of Thomas Pilling, a pork butcher, of Bolton.


1887 (16 Aug) James Barlow, philanthropist and industrialist, died at Greenthorne, Edgworth, Turton



1887 (27 Aug) Bolton Library Committee at the laying of the foundation stone of High Street branch library 27 August 1887. Thomas Fletcher is wearing the Mayor's Chain. The Library was built on land given by John Heywood, Mayor of Bolton 1903-05 - he is the clean shaven man on the back row.


1887 (27 Aug) Foundation stone of High Street branch library was laid

The library was built on land given by John Heywood, who was Mayor of Bolton in 1903 -05


1887 (23 Sep) Major Sir Cyril Fullard Entwistle MC KC, politician, born

MP for Bolton 1931-1945

Died 9 Jul 1974


1887 (2 Oct) Ephraim Longworth, Liverpool and England footballer, Born in Halliwell, Bolton, Lancashire

Appeared 371 times for Liverpool but never scored a goal. The Liverpool record for most games without scoring

Died 7 Jan 1968


1887 (15 Oct) Richard “Dick” Gorton Barlow (born 1851) was at one time a referee, officiating in many F.A. Cup matches, including that in which Preston North End beat Hyde United 26 - 0.


1887 (23 Oct) Jimmy Aubrey (1887 – 1983), English actor, born in Bolton, Lancashire, England who worked with both Charlie Chaplin and Laurel and Hardy, having gone with Fred Karno's company to America. Died 2 Sep 1983.


1887 (10 Dec) Bolton Wanderers Record Football League Defeat 1-9 v.   Preston North End    FA Cup R2   


1887 In 1887 the Committee of the Mechanics' Institute decided that the town's apprentices required technical instruction for the rapidly expanding engineering advances being made at the turn of the nineteenth century. This resulted in the creation of the new Technical School with student numbers rising to more than 1,500.


1887 In Bolton, a uniform wage list for fine spinning was achieved, which applied to the whole province


1887 Victoria Golden Jubilee year


1887 In 1887, Bolton Wanderers were involved in a protracted first round F.A. Cup match against Everton. Robert Roberts scored the only goal of the initial match played on 15 October 1887, but the result was declared invalid as Bolton had fielded an ineligible player, Robert Struthers. There then followed two drawn matches (with Roberts again scoring in the first), before Everton won the second replay (the fourth match altogether) 2–1. This time, however, Everton were disqualified for fielding two professional players who had been registered as amateurs, and the match was awarded to Bolton, who were then defeated 9–1 by Preston North End, with Jimmy Ross scoring six goals.


1887 Bolton Socialist Club founded


1887 Annie Elizabeth Finney Barlow (1863-1941), the youngest child of textile magnate James Barlow, visited Egypt in 1887.


1887 Engineering strike.


1887 Militancy unleashed by the lock-out in Bolton's engineering trade.


1887 The first new locomotive (Number 1008) left Horwich Works.

This locomotive is now preserved at The National Railway Museum

The first locomotive built by the LYR at Horwich was a 2-4-2 tank engine designed by John Aspinall


1887 Charles Foweraker born.

Worked for the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company. He was also employed part-time by Bolton Wanderers as a gateman. He was eventually recruited to become assistant manager to the club. He later replaced Tom Mather as manager.


1887-1888 Thomas Moscrop – Mayor of Bolton

A chemist. The site of his premises – Moscrop’s Lion Oil Works was in St George’s Street


1887-1888 In the FA Cup, Bolton Wanderers were involved in a protracted first round match against Everton. Welsh international Bob Roberts scored the only goal of the initial match played on 15 Oct 1887, but the result was declared invalid as Bolton had fielded an ineligible player, Robert Struthers. There then followed two drawn matches (with Roberts again scoring in the first), before Everton won the second replay (the fourth match altogether) 2-1. This time, however, Everton were disqualified for fielding two professional players who had been registered as amateurs, the match was then awarded to Bolton, who were the defeated 9-1 by Preston North End


1887-1891 (Sir) Henry Fowler served an apprenticeship under John Aspinall at the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway(L&YR)'s Horwich Works


1887-1892 John Parkinson was an apprentice to J.J. Bradshaw.


1888 (3 Feb) George Bryne (Bryan), killed when a load of pipes shifted knocking him out of the pit shaft cage at Stone Hill Colliery, Farnworth.


1888 (8 Feb) Marian Cross, 24, eldest daughter of John Kynaston Cross, of Fernclough Heaton, MP for Bolton and sometime Under-Secretary of State for India married Ernest William Greg, of Eagley, son of Edward Hyde Greg, at St Mary The Virgin, Deane, Lancashire.


1888 (2 Mar) William McGregor circulated a letter to Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Preston North End, and West Bromwich Albion suggesting that "ten or twelve of the most prominent clubs in England combine to arrange home and away fixtures each season."


1888 (15 Apr) John Fort (1888 – 1965), English professional footballer, born in Leigh, Lancashire.                                                 He played most of his career (as a right back) with Millwall. He also made one appearance for England.                                                 He played youth football with St Andrew's Mission in the Bolton and District League                                                                              Died 23 Nov 1965.


1888 (8 Sep) In 1888 Kenny Davenport scored the first ever Football League goal against Derby County at Pikes Lane 3.47pm on September 8, 1888.                                                                               This fact only came to light meanwhile in 2013 when football author Mark Metcalf and librarian Robert Boyling discovered that the kick-off had been delayed in Aston Villa’s game against Wolverhampton Wanderers – a match in which Gershom Cox’s own goal was deemed to be the first in the league’s history.


1888 (8 Sep) James Kenyon "Kenny" Davenport (1862 – 1908)   made his League debut on 8 September 1888, playing as a winger, at Pike's Lane, then home of Bolton Wanderers. The opposition were Derby County and Bolton Wanderers lost 6–3, Kenny Davenport scoring the first and second of Bolton Wanderers three goals


1888 (8 Sep) James Brogan made his League debut, playing as a winger, on 8 September 1888 at Pike's Lane, then home of Bolton Wanderers, and their opponents were Derby County. Bolton Wanderers lost the match 6–3. James Brogan scored his debut League goal, scoring Bolton Wanderers third goal of the match. When James Brogan made his League debut, he was approximately 23 years 70 days old; that made him, on that first day of League football, Bolton Wanderers' youngest player.


1888 (8 Sep) Bob Roberts made his League debut on 8 September 1888, playing at wing-half, at Pike's Lane, then home of Bolton Wanderers. The opposition were Derby County. Bolton Wanderers lost the match 6–3.


1888 (8 Sep) The first League match was played at Pike's Lane on 8 September 1888, with Bolton losing 6–3 to Derby County in front of 5,000 spectators. Bolton's Kenny Davenport scored the first goal after two minutes, the first-ever goal scored in the Football League


1888 (15 Sep) The first-ever Football League hat-trick was scored at Pike's Lane by Burnley's William Tait in a match that Burnley won 4–3]


1888 (15 Sep) William Tait scored his club and League debut goal on 15 September 1888, playing as a forward, at Pike's Lane, the then home of Bolton Wanderers. Burnley defeated the home team 4–3 and William Tait scored the first, third and fourth of Burnley' four goals thus making history by scoring the first ever hat–trick in a League match.


1888 (15 Sep) On 15 September 1888 William Tait scored his debut League goal and became the first player to score a League hat–trick. After the match, Tait got drunk celebrating and was suspended by the club for their next game.



1888 (26 Sep) Jennie Hunt (1866-1951) married George Baines, a bootmaker, at Bolton.

They had five children, three of whom survived childhood.


1888 (Sep) The first season of the Football League began.

Preston North End won the first championship that year without losing a single match and acquired the name the "Invincibles". Eighteen wins and four draws gave them an 11-point lead at the top of the table. Aston Villa finished in second place with 29 points. Bolton Wanderers finished in 5th place, winning 10 of their 22 games.


1888 (6 Oct) Bob Roberts: His debut League goal was scored on 6 October 1888 at Turf Moor, home of Burnley Bob Roberts scored Bolton Wanderers only goal in a 4–1 defeat.


1888 (17 Oct) Wednesday -Memorial stone at the New Theatre Royal in Bolton laid.

1888 (9 Nov) The Bolton & District Cricket Association. The league was formed after a meeting held on 9th Nov 1888 in Bolton.


1888 (19 Nov) Theatre Royal, Churchgate opened


1888 Bolton Wanderers F.C. were one of the 12 founder members of the Football League


1888 In 1888 Bolton Wanderers were one of the 12 founding members of the Football League - Accrington Stanley, Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Burnley, Derby County, Everton, Notts County, Preston North End, Stoke City, West Bromwich Albion and Wolverhampton Wanderers.


1888 Bolton were founder members of the Football League in 1888, the world's first association football league.


1888 In 1888 Ormrod and Hardcastle amalgamated with Arthur Briggs's Parrot Street Mill


1888 The Old Hen and Chickens closed in 1888.


1888 John James Bentley (born 1860) was one of those to whom William McGregor wrote proposing what became the Football League.


1888 The limited company Magee, Marshall was established


1888 Thomas Mann visited Bolton where there was a strike of engineers. He stayed for a while.


1888 Tom Mather football player and manager, born in Chorley, Lancashire.                                                                              He was assistant secretary of both Manchester City and Bolton Wanderers before taking the manager's job at Bolton at the beginning of the First World War, remaining at the club until 1915 when he was called up by the Royal Navy. He remained as manager, in name only, until July 1919, his duties being taken on, and then over, by his assistant Charles Foweraker.                                                                       Died 1957

1888-1889 In the inaugural Football League season, Bob Roberts was ever-present, scoring twice. Bob Roberts was one of five Bolton Wanderers players, who, in season 1888–89 played in every (22) League game. The other four, apart from Roberts, were, James Brogan, Kenny Davenport, John Milne and Davie Weir. Bob Roberts played as a Full–Back (two appearances) in a Bolton Wanderers defence that kept the opposition down to one–League–goal–in–a–match once. Bob Roberts played as a wing–half (20 appearances) in a Bolton Wanderers midfield that achieved big (three–League–goals–or–more) wins on five separate occasions.


1888-1889 In season 1888–89 Kenny Davenport appeared in all 22 League games played by Bolton Wanderers and scored 11 goals. Kenny Davenport was one of five Bolton Wanderers players, who, in season 1888–89 played in every (22) League game. The other four, apart from Davenport, were, James Brogan, John Milne, Bob Roberts and Davie Weir. In scoring 11 League goals Davenport scored one League hat-trick and he scored two-League-goals-in-a-match twice. Kenny Davenport played centre-half (twice) in a defence-line that kept the opposition to one-League-goal-in-a-match once. He also played as a forward (19 League appearances) in a front-line that scored three-League-goals-or-more in a match on nine occasions


1888-1889 James Brogan played in all 22 League matches in season 1888-89 scoring 13 goals (Bolton Wanderers top scorer for the season), scoring two-League-goals-in-a-match twice. Brogan played as a winger in a midfield that achieved big (three-League-goals-or-more) wins on five separate occasions. James Brogan was one of five Bolton Wanderers players, who, in season 1888–89 played in every (22) League game. The other four, apart from Brogan, were, Kenny Davenport, John Milne, Bob Roberts and Davie Weir.


1889 (22 Jan) – John Pennington Thomasson (1841-1904) donated house and grounds of Mere Hall to Bolton as public park and library


1889 (Spring) Horwich Masonry started when a group of Masons decided that the time was right to consider forming a Masonic lodge for the convenience of brethren residing in the immediate neighbourhood.


1889 (7 Jun) Edward (Ted) Vizard, footballer, was born in Cogan

Died in Wolverhampton on 25th December 1973.


1889 (29 May) A meeting convened at the Crown Hotel, Horwich decided to form a Masonic lodge (>13 Nov 1889)


1889 (25 Jun) Joseph (Joe) Smith born in Dudley

Bolton Wanderers


1889 (13 Nov) Horwich Masonic Lodge founded.

1889 Eagley was a founder member of the Bolton & District Cricket Association. The league was formed after a meeting held on 9th Nov 1888 in Bolton.

1889 Prudential Assurance Office Bolton, built  in red brick and  terracotta. Designed by Alfred Waterhouse (1830-1905).                    He built 27 buildings for the Prudential Assurance Company.

1889 In 1889, Jim Cassidy joined Bolton where he remained (with short spells with Carfin Shamrock and Celtic) for 9 seasons, making 219 appearances, scoring 101 goals.


1889 Bolton became a County Borough.


1889 In 1889, Mere Hall and the surround 24,000 square yards of land were bought by Mr J.P. Thomasson, JP, a well-known local businessman in the cotton trade, who then bequeathed it to the town with the stipulation that the house be used as a library, museum, or other purpose of educational or recreative character, and the land as gardens and playgrounds. It was also stipulated that the Corporation should be debarred from selling the estate or any part of it, and that it should be used for enjoyment and recreation by everyone.

1889 Horwich industrialist and benefactor Andrew Peak died in 1889.


1889 W F Tillotson died at the age of 44


1889 James Cross died.


1889 William Hargreaves died

1889 L & YR 1008, built at Horwich 1889


1889 John Musgrave and Sons opened.

The company manufactured stationary steam engines and was based in Bolton

1889 Thomas Mather Phillips (1889-1941), English hangman, born.   From Farnworth near Bolton.

Period on Home Office List 1918-1941.

Phillips worked as chief executioner on two occasions in 1939 and 1940, having previously assisted at 39 hangings, including that of Edith Thompson at Holloway. He died on the 27th of March 1941.


c. 1889 Halliwell Lodge was owned by James Ormrod, owner of the Ormrod and Hardcastle factories and associated with Hardcastle and Cross’s Bank, later the Manchester and Salford Bank.

In 1899 the lodge was taken over as a hotel. The fernery, conservatory and private chapel, used as a billiard room, survived until the late-1930s. By the end of the 19th century, the whole of the area had been built up to provide housing for the workers in the mills and factories.


1889-90 Bolton Wanderers finished 9th with 19 points out of a possible 44.


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